Cambodian Youth Outdoor Leadership Program

     A person being an Outdoor Leader means a lot of loving and taking responsibility for the care of nature, appreciate the beauties of the creatures, wildlife, and the green of the world. It also means leading and supervising your peers and yourself to be a leader of an Outdoor, and have a deep understanding of nature. Nature indicates lots of dedication to me; appreciated with love, enroll of nature’s needs, protect, and fill nature with our kindness as their assistance of life. Beforehand, I lived in the province of Kampong Chhnang, which is full of beautiful mountains and forests that need our help. Of course, at that time I didn’t even know what nature meant to me, and I didn’t care much and was oblivious to those problems that had happened to nature. Fortunately, I am inclined to experience the wildlife which I got to explore different beautiful species of nature that held it by “Liger Leadership Academy”; on a project called Outdoor Leadership Exploration, which motivated me to inspire other Cambodian students. 

     Talking about Cambodian Youth Outdoor Leadership Program is a program that had been given to me by “Liger Leadership Academy”. The ambition of this program is to empower Cambodian youth to be outdoor leaders and environmental stewards by introducing them to natural spaces, raising awareness of conservation threats, and nurturing the passion and skills needed to positively impact their communities. 

     To create the impact for Cambodian youth, our group program had been working very hard together and came up with the idea of creating the workshop for Cambodian youth plus an outdoor trip in a goal to let them explore more about nature and having experience of visualizing the beauty of nature as they are our participants. In this case, we act in an important role as facilitators to facilitate them through different skills and techniques that they needed to be an Outdoor Leader. 

     Having the participants attend our workshop, we have reviewed our past lessons and skills that we have learned from our facilitators, and finalized with four skills: Leadership and Community-Building, Medical and Risk Management, Nature Appreciation and Wilderness Skills. We initiated those four skills to allow our participants to learn basic skills of being outdoors, and what are needed while outdoors. These four skills have three different facilitators that will facilitate the participants as I am facilitating the participants in what Leadership and Community-building is. Out of these processes, I have learned and improved on many skills. I learned how to create good lessons for teaching or facilitating on different lessons, and be organized on my plan. Moreover, I learned the different perspectives of leaders, and the different types of leadership styles that I could apply in different circumstances. 

     Improving my skills is very essential, but my impact is more important for this Outdoor Program. I could create an impact for a multitude of Cambodian Youth to change their perspective of nature and to spread the word of appreciating the importance of nature

     To see the potential impact for this program, we all as Cambodians should consider the consequence of destroying nature, and take the impact from this program to be spread to your friends, family, and communities to start standing out of their fear and raising awareness of the environmental and nature problem; by being a good model of showing your love, and your appreciation to nature for creating a brighter future our green Cambodia. 


Quote: Appreciating nature, is appreciating your homes. 





In this round, when Hannah announced my name that I am in the Robotic exploration, I was excited and happy, because in that exploration there will be a competition in Singapore which mean I will be going to Singapore for the competition. It sounds fun and exciting, but we need to build a robot and do a lot of research for the competition. On the first day of our exploration, we had read about the competition and rules during for the competition. The competition named First Lego League with the theme of space. We just knew that the theme is about space, but we didn’t know our group and what we are going to do that first. Our facilitator ( Cindy ) just told us to look at the challenge in the first half of class, and the last halt built the mission station. There are ten missions station with 15 missions. Also, we learned how to code and which program we used to code for our mission. After we had known about the code and the challenge, we had divided into two groups of five people. Each group needs to decide the problem that the astronauts are facing during space. My group members are Angely, Pheakdey, Vitou, Kakruna P, and I. At first we decided to choose astronauts bone problem while there are in space for a long duration. Why bone?

Our bones usually have cells that help to break down the bones and cells that help to repair the bones to maintain rigidity in the bones. This actions usually happens when we put stresses on the bones including walking or exercise. This is a kind of bone stimulus. The problem of bone loss in space is caused by the absence of gravity.  When there is zero gravity, bones cannot function the stimulus equally anymore. Mostly, the cells that help break down the bones will be more active than the ones who help to build, which will cause the bones to lose their masses. Furthermore, when there is zero gravity, Calcium and minerals will pure out of the bones and cause the bones to weaken even more. The disease that will occur in this case is called  Osteoporosis (a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin d. The effect will be more likely for the lower parts of your body like your legs, spines, and your hips. However, exercise can counteract that stimulus (walking, running, using a treadmill. Bone loss in space isn’t exactly the same as the disease of osteoporosis because scientists have found hormonal causes to the disease while the bone loss in space is caused by the loss of gravity. Bone is a really dynamic tissue (Donahue, NASA). It will become bigger (because of the cells which are helping to build the bones) when there are more demands or stresses put onto it on Earth. In contrast, in the micro-gravity world, the bones do not have much stresses or demands to move on it. Therefore, cells do not help to build new bones to replace the bone that is lost by the damaging cells which cause the bones to lose its masses.  


After we had researched about a bone for a few days, our facilitator gives us an advice that others group that competes with us might choose bone problem too, because in the challenge guide they had mentioned about the bone problem too. So my team does a lot of more research about the problem that astronauts face in space. We spent about two days and we had come up with another’s problem which is a circadian problem. Why the circadian problem?


In space, astronauts float around. That makes them feel the same way when they sleeping and not sleeping.

This process is regulated by the complex interaction of many factors such as light, temperature, posture, and feeding. So we tend to sleep when it’s dark, we lie down when we sleep, we don’t eat when we should sleep, and our body temperature drops to a minimum while asleep.

The sleep biological clock works because of





   A circadiann rhythm is an internal clock inside your body, which function through the light. The astronaut must not look at the screen of the devices before bed because it could easily mess up the internal clock schedule as it confuses that it is still day time. Sleeping and waking up at the same time every day is really helpful for good sleep. Astronaut should set their own sleeping schedule for more efficient sleeping. Our eyes have light sensors that tell us when to sleep, eat and do many other things.

The sunlight tells our body when to sleep and eat. Circadian rhythm is the biological clock that regulates the alertness, sleepiness, tiredness, and wakefulness. As they travel in the orbit of the earth, Astronauts will experience one sunset or sunrise every 45 minutes.

There are a lot of sleep disturbances that astronauts in space face because of uncomfortable temperature, noise, radiation and they experience what people who work as night-shifts experience. It is like when we travel to a lot of different countries and getting jet-lagged, it is the same experience for astronauts but only in a different environment. There are a lot of different researches and studies on that. (Flynn-Evans and her team at Ames worked with Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, both in Boston, to conduct a study to evaluate causes of sleep deficiency hand the use of sleep-promoting medication by astronauts during spaceflight.) Often times in space, mission completion will contain tasks that need to be done in the biological night and sleep during the biological day, it leaves huge effects on Astronauts body in space.

During the experiment in space, NASA researcher had interviewed the astronauts and journals entries in order to better understanding of how they were being affected by sleep loss. They discovered that international space station astronaut, as well as shuttle astronauts, slept just six hours per night on average. In the mornings when light first hits our eyes, our body temperature and our blood pressure begin to rise, our heart rate increase, and there is a delay in the release of melanin which helps us wake up. Throughout the day of circadian rhythm increase and even has a dip during the day before decreasing at night as our body functions slow down and melanin begins to release again to help us sleep again.

After we had researched for a week, my team had decided that circadian problem is our final problem to research for the solution.

For the competition not just finding the problem and find the solution for that problem. We also need to complete the mission that is all on the mission board to get more point. In order to complete those missions we need to build the robot and code the program to control the robot to complete the mission. There is 15 mission in total and we need to complete those mission as much as possible in 2:30 minutes, which is in a short amount of time. In each mission there different point which depends on how hard is a mission and how easy the mission is. If we got a lot of points or the most point, there will be price and trophy for the winner. It is not easy to win the trophy because there are 4000 other teams from many different country in the world that involve in the competition.

Throughout the context, it seems hard but by the way, it fun to work in a group and giving a lot and a lot of ideas. I hope that during the competition my team robot would work well and throughout our hard work would win at least one trophy of the competition.

Do your work with your whole heart, and you will succeed. There’s so little competition. ( Elbert Hubbard )


Learning in class

                                   What is Outdoor Leadership? Outdoor Leadership mean, to lead yourself or others while your are outdoor. Also to lead your life or to survive in the wood. In our Outdoor Leadership exploration we have five core value for our Exploration that we need to follow for the rest of our exploration. Those five core values are Respect, Determination, Learning, Problem solver, and Encouragement.      Those five core values can lead our exploration successful for our trip. Also we have a poster with those five core values with our hand sign to promise that we will follow the core values and bring the good to the whole exploration. However in class, we also learn about risk management, CPR ( chest compression ), and first aids. We had spent a lot of time working together about those thing. What are risk management? The risk management are identify, access, control, and review. In class we had divided into group and define the risk that we might face during the trip, and how we can control the risk.Next thing, we had learn about first aids. Why did we learn about first? We learned about first aids, because we don’t what would happen during our trip, and what can we do help them, and how can we help people while they are facing the emergency injure.. Especially we learned about chest compression, and counting our heartbeat. We had divided into different group again, and we had did the chest compression with our partner and checking our partner heartbeat. Last but not least, our teacher chose four students to do the workshop with our Liger students.

Finally our workshop or our exploration Outdoor leadership might inspire other Cambodian people to have them self outdoor.



No single-use of plastic in Liger

In this first exploration of the year, the No single-use of plastic in Liger, focus on stop using plastic straw, and plastic bags. For the first few weeks we working on researching about straw, and bag. We found a lot of disadvantages of straw and bag. We were working in a group to find the solution for our school Liger. We research in a group and found a lot of alternative straw, and bag. For the straw such as Paper straw, Bamboo straw, and metal straw. For the bags such as cassava bags, and paper bags. On the fifth week of the exploration, we found the store that sells drink with grass straw. We went to the store and interview the seller about the grass straw. We got a lot of idea of how the grass straw is work. After week and week of exploration we bought 200 hundred straws and bags to give everyone in Liger each, so everyone would stop using plastic straw, and bag. 

One might not change, but together it changes.